Be safe and invest in a dog seat belt. Smaller dogs might prefer a travel crate, which will stop them from moving about.
Being dog-friendly is at the driverâ€™s discretion, so check ahead when you book.
A maximum of two well-behaved dogs are allowed per person in the UK. ScotRail allows dogs in sleeper cabins â€“ book in advance.
By bus and tube
Dogs must be on a lead and carried through gates and on escalators.
At service stations
Most have bowls outside and walking areas.
Rules differ: some have pet-friendly cabins, others have kennels.
Take your pet in the car for ÂŁ19. Make sure they have a pet passport. Donâ€™t forget to check out the pet exercise area at the Eurotunnel terminal. Dogs are not currently allowed on Eurostar trains.
Credit: Pets Pyjamas
Whatever mode you take, avoid giving your dog a large meal prior to travelling, and give them a walk so they can relieve themselves and burn off some steam to avoid restlessness. Always take fresh water, too.
If you think your dog might be anxious about the journey, use a drop of lavender on their travel blanket, which helps them to relax and sleep.
Stop for regular comfort breaks, so your dog can stretch their legs. Offer water every few hours, too.
If it is warm, keep the car ventilated or pop on the air con. Consider a window shade and never leave a dog in a hot car â€“ it can be fatal.
Be considerate of fellow passengers: keep your dog as calm as possible and donâ€™t let them infringe on other passengersâ€™ space; they may be nervous or have allergies.
Dogs can travel on planes, but they will more than likely have to travel in the hold. Each airline has its own rules. For more on fees: skyscanner.net/news/airline-pet-fees
Guide dogs are required to comply with all the requirements of the Pet Travel Scheme, and it is also important to have to hand evidence of the training your dog has been through to become an assistance dog. Airlines are entitled to ask for this when making a booking.
Credit: Pets Pyjamas
You can see a full list of carriers that transport pets at gov.uk.
Do consider whether itâ€™s really necessary for your dog to travel by air. It can be an alarming experience. You should consult your vet before you travel to assess their health. Sedation is not recommended.
Brittany Ferries has seen a significant increase in the number of four-legged passengers over the past five years. Last year, 91,289 dogs and cats travelled in pet-friendly cabins and kennels to Spain, as well as in cars on the shorter journeys to France.
Arrival at the port
Ensure that your pet is exercised and toileted before you board.
During the crossing
There are kennels on routes to Bilbao, Santander and St Malo and a number of pet-friendly cabins on some services to Bilbao and Santander, where your dog can stay with you. Kennels vary from ship to ship but on each one they come in both small and large sizes and have water taps and exercise areas nearby. Bedding is not provided, so bring your own.
A dog relaxes in a pet-friendly cabin. (Credit: Brittany Ferries)
On ships where there are no kennels, your pet will remain in your vehicle. You will need to ensure that there is sufficient space, food and water and familiar toys or blankets for your pet during the journey. You should also leave the windows or roof open sufficiently to give them adequate ventilation.
Visiting your pet
If your dog is travelling in a kennel, you will be given a key and can visit and exercise the animal at any time during the crossing in the designated areas on board. Your dog must be muzzled and on a lead at all times when out of the kennel. You must provide your own muzzle.
Helpful points to note
It is important to consider the length of the journey and how this may affect your animal.
This allows dogs to move between EU and listed countries without quarantine, providing theyâ€™ve met all the requirements. The full list of countries involved can be seen at gov.uk/take-pet-abroad/listed-and-unlisted-countries.
Some countries may add their own rules, so itâ€™s worth researching the regulations for your destination country.
A pet passport is required to travel to the EU and to re-enter the UK after your holiday. Make sure you speak to your vet at least a month prior to your trip to organise the passport. To qualify, your pet will need to be at least 15 weeks old at the time of travel, be vaccinated against rabies, and be microchipped. Vaccinations need to be made at least 21 days prior to travel. On your return, youâ€™ll need to visit a vet 24 to 120 hours prior to re-entering the UK to confirm that your pet is fit to travel and has been treated for tapeworm.
Credit: Brittany Ferries
Once you have a pet passport, it is valid for the life of the pet, unless it has been filled up. For more on how to get one: gov.uk/take-pet-abroad/pet-passport
When you arrive, show your pooch around the grounds to get your dog used to their new surroundings.
Create their space in your room so they soon feel right at home.
Keep your dog well-exercised so they donâ€™t get overexcited by all the new friends they meet in public areas, and so theyâ€™ll happily snooze in your room should you choose to dine without them.
Credit: Pets Pyjamas
Pay attention to their hygiene during your stay. Your dog might love nothing more than running through mud or rolling in unspeakable things, but there are other guests to consider.
A pack of dog wipes are a great idea for keeping your dog clean and fresh on the go, and if your dog is prone to getting mucky, ask staff to arrange for a bucket of soapy water for you when you come back from your walk.
Be mindful of other guests when relaxing in public areas or dining with your dog. Some people might be anxious around dogs, so unless prompted donâ€™t let them get overfamiliar.
Speak to your vet at least a month prior to your trip about a passport.
Dogs need exercise even when itâ€™s hot, but the RSPCA asks walkers to avoid exercising them in excessively hot weather. Itâ€™s best to walk early in the morning or late in the evening, when itâ€™s cooler.
Pavement gets very hot in the warm weather â€“ touch it with your hand and if itâ€™s too hot, then itâ€™s too hot for your dogâ€™s paws.
Never leave pets unattended in hot environments such as cars, caravans, conservatories or outbuildings. Temperatures can rise rapidly in these spaces and can be extremely dangerous for animals.
Freezing a dogâ€™s water bowl before putting water or treats in keeps the contents cool for longer. Putting ice cubes into your petâ€™s water bowl or making ice-cube treats can also help.
Dampen towels for your pet to lie on or wrap an ice pack in a towel to keep them cool. Or, if you have the space, fill a paddling pool with some shallow water so they can splash around (but always supervise them when theyâ€™re swimming in water).
Donâ€™t let your pet get sunburnt â€“ use pet-safe sun cream to keep them safe.
Ensure animals always have access to shade and fresh drinking water.
Itâ€™s important to make sure your pet is comfortable travelling in the car, so introduce them gradually and teach them that it isnâ€™t scary.
Keep a close eye on them when travelling long distances to make sure theyâ€™re not displaying any problems, such as whining, jumping, salivating, vomiting, cowering or hiding. If your dog is nervous, speak to your vet or a clinical animal behaviourist.
Fill a paddling pool with water so your dog can cool off. (Credit: RSPCA)
Dogs travel better without a full stomach, so itâ€™s best to feed them more than two hours before the journey and give them a chance to go to the toilet before you leave.
Take regular breaks so your pet can have a drink, go to the toilet and exercise.
The Highway Code says that dogs should be suitably restrained in a vehicle to keep them safe during an emergency stop. Travelling crates and containers, dog guards and car harnesses secure your pet when travelling. Ensure any crate is big enough and that your dog is somewhere with good airflow and ventilation.
RSPCA operational superintendent Lee Hopgood says: â€śThere is a very serious side to keeping pets cool over summer, as animals can suffer from heatstroke, which could be fatal.
â€śPets may struggle to realise when they are too hot, so make sure they have constant access to shade and donâ€™t overexercise them in the heat.â€ť
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