In the chaotic seconds after a St. Paul police dog broke free, it bit a bystander â leading the mayor and police chief to announce Monday that St. Paulâs K-9s will be used more sparinglyÂ amid âsignificant changesâ and an external audit.
Fridayâs incident was the third high-profile St. Paul K-9 bite case in two years. In April, the police department changed its policy andÂ restricted when dogs can be used to physically apprehend a suspect, limiting it to the most serious cases.
âLast weekâs incident involving a St. Paul police canine is very disturbing, especially viewed in the context of other events that have occurred over the past two years,â Mayor Melvin Carter said in a statement Monday.Â âI am working with Chief (Todd) Axtell to implement a set of temporary restrictions on deployment of police dogs, effective immediately, until a full audit can be completed.â
The police department released body camera footage on Monday from K-9 Officer Mark Ross.Â In the video, the officer can be heard saying âstay, stayâ and âheel,â but then he shouts, âno!â when the dog apparently breaks free. Ross repeatedly tells the dog, âout!,â a command to release.
A man can be heard moaning and Ross says, âStop pulling, sir. Sir, stop pulling.â The video ends with a manâs voice saying, âOh my God.â
Viewers may find the video disturbing.
About 1:40 a.m. Friday, police responded to a report of a male with a gun in the street in Daytonâs Bluff, according to a police report.
Officers found a 33-year-old man â Glenn L. Slaughter â in the 900 block of East Fourth Street who was not involved in the incident and was told to âlay on the ground for his own safety while they searched,â said Steve Linders, a police spokesman.
A short time later, Ross arrived with K-9 Suttree. When the dog was about 10 feet away from Slaughter, the dogâs collar broke and he ran toward Slaughter and bit him on the right forearm, Linders said.
Ross commanded the K-9 to stop, but the dog did not. The officer activated the dogâs electronic collar and pulled the dog off Slaughterâs arm.
âUnfortunately, that took about 20 seconds,â Linders said.
When the dog was put back in the squad, Ross apologized to Slaughter and called for paramedics, Linders said. Paramedics evaluated Slaughter and determined he didnât need to be taken to the hospital, but his family took him there, according to police.
The temporary restrictions mean St. Paul police dogs will not be used âexcept in specific circumstances that pose a clear and immediate danger to officers or residents,â according to a police department statement. The restrictions also âincrease oversight for the unit, reduce the instances when canines can be deployed and refine the role of canine officers,â the statement continued.
âOur Canine Unit has served us well since it was established in 1958, but the mayor and I agree that we need to be sure weâre doing everything possible to deploy police dogs in the safest manner possible,âÂ Axtell said.Â âOur goal is to determine what is working, what we can improve and how we minimize risk to the people we serve as well as officers.â
K-9 officers are expected to have control over their dogs at all times and those who donât will be removed from patrol, Linders said. They receive 16 hours a month of training and will now be tested every other week on their ability to meet control, recall and release standards.
The police department says K-9 officers will have to inspect all equipment before their shifts begin. The department is also requiring the dogs to work on shorter leashes.
Command-level approval will be required âfor any canine deployment that does not involve instances where a suspectâs actions are likely to result in death or serious bodily harm â or canine apprehensions that do not involve people suspected of murder, manslaughter, aggravated robbery in the first degree, kidnapping, criminal sexual conduct or drive-by shootings,â according to the police statement.
The city of St. Paul will pay for an outside expert to review âevery aspect of the unit to ensure that officers and canines are working in the best interest of the city,â according to the departmentâs statement. Axtell said he hopes the review will begin within the month.
Fridayâs case remains under investigation.Â Suttree is no longer with the K-9 unit and Ross is being re-assigned, Linders said.
Ross, who has been a St. Paul police officer since 2001 and a member of the K-9 unit since 2016, has no history of disciplinary action. An internal-affairs investigation involving Ross was opened on Monday, according to the police department.
Dave Titus, St. Paul Police Federation president, said Ross is a life-long Como resident âwho truly cares about this cityâ and was previously a youth sports coach.
âI can guarantee you that he was working in good faith and no one feels worse about the citizen being bit than him,â Titus said. âThis was an equipment malfunction and for a highly trained K-9 officer like Mark Ross to be immediately removed (from the unit) was a knee-jerk reaction and irresponsible. âŚÂ The K-9 unit is nationally recognized as one of the best and they save lives, they protect citizens and they protect cops. This was a very unfortunate situation.â
In April 2017, the city approved aÂ record $2 million settlement to Frank Baker after he was mistaken for a suspectÂ who police were seeking in June 2016, and was bitten by a police dog and kicked by an officer. He was hospitalized for two weeks due to his injuries.
In September,Â Desiree Collins was taking out her garbage in St. Paul when she was attacked by a police dogÂ looking for a male burglary suspect, according to a federal lawsuit that is ongoing.
Bob Bennett, an attorney who represented Baker and now Collins, said he thinks Mondayâs response from the mayor and police chief is âappropriate âŚ given what weâve seen with problems in the unit. âŚ Itâs a lot better than sticking your head in the sand and ignoring it.â
In Collinsâ case, the K-9 also didnât heed officersâ commands to âreleaseâ and the electronic collar didnât stop the dog, who only stopped biting when the K-9 officer physically removed him from Collins, according to her lawsuit.